The Rotary Club of 
Barre, Vermont
Chartered 1924
District 7850
PO Box 167
Barre, VT 05641
Granite Chips
All About the Internet
Another Mixture Bag of Announcements, Fines and Dollars
With rituals completed, fifteen Barre Rotarians sat down to a lunch of hamburgers, fries, cole slaw and pudding.  President Liane was first on her feet to announce:
  • District Conference in May is in Sherbrooke, Quebec
  • Next week is the donation meeting at the Community National Bank from 6-8 p.m. No noon meeting.
  • At Club Assembly on January 30th, committees will be meeting.
Caroline self-fined for eating a French fry before the bell rang. She also gave a Happy Dollar in recognition of the stellar performance of the Rock City Chorus featuring Barre Rotarians Tom Babic and Dick Shadroui. She also announced:
  • Central Vermont Rotary Annual Valentine's Day Dinner/Raffle                                    
  • Friday, Feb 8th at the Steak House on the Barre Montpelier Road, 6-9 pm. 
  • Cocktails start at 6 pm and dinner at 7 pm.
  • 1st Prize is $2500; plus other cash prizes and gift certificates
  • Silent Auction and an Italian Buffet
  • Tickets are $100 for the drawings and two meals
  • CALL Gary Hass for more information and to reserve tickets: 802-479-2582
Scott passed around postcards listing the performances of the Stellaria Trio (a string quartet). Locally they will be performing at 4 p.m. on Sunday, February 3th at the Plainfield Town Hall Opera House, at 7:10 p.m. on Saturday February 23rd in Barre  and on June 14th at the Unitarian Church in Montpelier. 
President Liane, in an attempt to liven things up and prompted by Karl, proposed a fine of one-and-nine on me for publishing a photo in Granite Chips of her showcasing her double chin. Several came to my defense and the fine did not pass. A fine was also proposed on Tony for his inactivity as a catalyst for others proposing fines. He defended himself by blaming his wife Cindy for medicating him. Fine passed.
Tony proposed a fine on everyone who had not taken a guest lunch card from Scott. Without much of a defense from anybody, the fine passed.
Tony spoke to the importance of participating in this year’s the Rotary Foundation giving campaign. The goal is 100% participation.  
All about the Internet
Karl introduced Michael Birnbaum, our speaker.
Michael is GM and a principal owner of Cloud Alliance, central Vermont’s own fixed wireless ISP since 2005. He recently launched Kingdom Fiber, a fiber-optic ISP serving the NEK. He is Plainfield’s delegate to the CVFiber Communications Union District—a municipality founded to bring advanced broadband to 15 central Vermont towns. Before he worked in telecom, Michael was a VISTA volunteer in Chicago, a student at Cornell Engineering and Goddard, a potter in Greece, and a carpenter and snow plower. Retiring after 30 years as a rural letter carrier in Barre and union steward for Vermont, he found no company would bring internet to his home in Plainfield. He joined a community effort, which, long story short, led to his next career. Michael understands that communication and the infrastructure to facilitate it, is the key to economic and cultural vitality. His mission is to reverse the shrinking and aging trajectory of Vermont’s population. It’s personal—his three children love Vermont, but left for better opportunities. When he's not working (too much) or hanging with his wife (too little), Michael likes to race small sailboats on Champlain and around the country.
What follows are the highlights of his presentation.
Michael began his presentation by listing the topics which would be covered: digital building blocks, the Internet, broadband, wire line broadband, wireless broadband, ISPs and “cellular.”
What is a digital communication network?
A network of equipment enabling transfer of digital information carried by electrical signals or by electromagnetic waves.
What is the Internet?
A network of networks— the interconnection of billions of local area and wide area digital networks
What is the Internet Protocol?
Network node ID, location numbering system IPv4—4.3 billion addresses (232)
IPv6—340 billion billion billion billion addresses (2128)
What are the Web and the Domain Name System?
Predominant information tool used over the Internet from circuits to packets (ARPANET in 1969); Tim Berners-Lee (at CERN in 1989) hypertext transfer protocol (http); hypertext markup language (html); domains (e.g. domain name servers (DNS)
Who makes up the Internet?
Micro nets; small, local nets; regional data centers; national nets; large, international backbones.
What is an Internet service provider?
An organization offering communication services via connectivity to the Internet. 
What is broadband?
High-speed, digital, communication channels .
What are typical broadband services?
Data voice (VoIP);video security; telemedicine; long-distance education; Internet of things (IoT)
How is broadband measured?
Through put/capacity (bps, kbps, Mbps, Gbps); data transfer (kB, MB, GB, TB); delay/latency (ms, μs); jitter/packet-delay variation (± vs. average ms).
For more of Mike's presentation click on Read More.....
Until next time,
That's all for now folks.....

Club Information
We meet:
Wednesdays, 12:00 PM
The American Legion
320 North Main Street
Barre, VT  05641 USA
Jan 23, 2019
Fundraising Discussion Tonight: 6-8 pm at the Barre CNB
Jan 30, 2019
Feb 06, 2019
Rotary Speech Contest
Feb 13, 2019
Update on State News
Feb 20, 2019
Bottle Bill
Feb 27, 2019
Mar 06, 2019
Mar 13, 2019
RYLA Experience - Summer 2018
Mar 20, 2019
Legislative and other Updates
View entire list
Contact Club Executives & Directors
President Elect
Rotary Foundation
Immediate Past President
Birthdays & Anniversaries
Member Birthdays
Karl A. Rinker
January 7
Jim Catone
January 13
Raymond Bettis
January 15
Join Date
Richard Shadroui
January 7, 1983
36 years
Butch Churchill
January 8, 2003
16 years
Karl A. Rinker
January 14, 1970
49 years
Robert Pope
January 23, 1991
28 years
Russell Hampton
National Awards Services Inc.
Bulletin Editor
Jim Catone